10 Tips to avoid the complications of diabetes

0
343
10 Tips to avoid the complications of diabetes

10 Tips to avoid the complications of diabetes :

diabetes affects more than 3 million people in France. If it does not exist, at the present time, promises of healing, it is possible to avoid the complications related to this chronic disease. “It is even a universal right of diabetic patients”, says Dr. Dominique Huet, head of the service of the diabetology hospital group Paris Saint-Joseph . “As it is a disease very frequent, the patients will see or hear many complications in other sick around them. But they should be well put in head that this is not a fatality.” The complications related to diabetes are of two types: – the complications micro-vascular (which affect small vessels) can affect the retina (blindness), the kidneys and the nerves, and are directly related to the level of sugar in your blood; – the complications macro-vascular (which affect the arteries) can affect the carotids (AVC), the coronaries (myocardial infarction) or the arteries of the legs (arterites) ; they are linked to the blood glucose and to other factors. The important for patients with diabetes is to convey a message much more positive with regard to the chronic disease which they are suffering. To do this, Dr. Huet has entrusted to Doctissimo its 10 tips for living with diabetes, but without complications.

10 Tips to avoid the complications of diabetes diabetes

Do you engage to control your diabetes:

 

It is the first thing to do in order to avoid any complications. “The goal in a first time is always a good control of his level of sugar in your blood”, advises the Dr Huet. Beyond the daily monitoring of blood glucose which is done at home in an autonomous manner, patients with diabetes should do monitor their rate of glycated hemoglobin every 3 to 4 months by their doctor. “This is a flag much more reliable than the simple concentration of blood glucose. This lets you see if this concentration is controlled on the long term and not only in an ad hoc manner”, explains Dominique Huet. “If the rate of glycated hemoglobin remains lower than 7 %, the risk of complications micro-vascular is almost nil.”

 

10 Tips to avoid the complications of diabetes diabetes

 

 

 

Monitor your blood pressure and your rate of blood lipids:

These two factors are important in the prevention of complications macro-vascular. “Patients with diabetes should maintain a blood pressure lower than 14/ 8.5 mmHg”, explains the diabetologist Dominique Huet. As regards the blood lipids (cholesterol and triglycerides), the checks will bring in priority on the LDL (bad cholesterol). “This LDL should be less than 1.30 g/L for patients with diabetes mellitus, continues Dr. Huet. But these figures vary if other risk factors come into play. The LDL should be less than 1 g/L for diabetics who smoke and even lower than -0.7 g/L if it exists in addition to the history of cardiovascular diseases.”

10 Tips to avoid the complications of diabetes diabetes

Stop smoking (or avoid begin):

 

The tobacco had no direct influence on diabetes. This is in contrast an acknowledged risk factor of vascular disorders. People with diabetes who smoke are increasing considerably their risk of developing complications macro-vascular serious, that can lead to a stroke, myocardial infarction or a arterites the lower members. If the factor diabetes unfortunately, can not be deleted, it is possible to remove the factor in tobacco is doing help to stop smoking.

 

 

10 Tips to avoid the complications of diabetes diabetes

Balance your power supply :

“Among the rights of diabetic patients, there is that of not having to suffer complications in addition to their disease, pounded the Dr Huet. But next to these rights, there are also duties, the first being to monitor its supply to control his diabetes.” Not surprisingly, the diabetic patients cannot do anything at the time of go to table. A varied and healthy diet is essential, “As for the rest of the population”, pointed out the specialist. In other words, the general recommendations of the National Program Nutrition Health (PNNS) shall apply. “The term “diabetic regime” is more employee. Patients can eat everything, in a balanced manner. You just have to be a little more attention to the quick sugars, and does not consume too often.” There is no prohibited, not even alcohol. Everything is matter, as always, moderation.

10 Tips to avoid the complications of diabetes diabetes

Control your Weight :

 

The weight is also a factor to watch. “We are not asking for diabetics to lose weight at any cost, they must simply remain in the vicinity of their weight of form”, recommended Dominique Huet. In the case of overweight, a regime can be envisaged, in in particular limiting the fat intake (cold meats, butter, cheese, etc. ). The chief of the service of the diabetology hospital group Paris Saint-Joseph insisted on the importance of exonerate the diabetic patients in overweight. “The overweight or obesity are not necessarily the Trigger element of their illness, at least not the only one. We must not burden them, but on the contrary encourage them to take care of their health.”

 

 10 Tips to avoid the complications of diabetes diabetes

 

Practice a regular physical activity again  :,

nothing surprising: “The people with diabetes should take charge and commit to practicing a minimum of physical exercise, exactly as the people not sick must do so”, advises the diabetologist Dominique Huet. The National Program Nutrition Health (PNNS) recommends that on average to adults to practice the equivalent of 30 minutes of rapid market every day. Diabetics who are practicing a sport intensive must however learn to integrate these peaks of activity in the control of their blood sugar levels, in order to avoid hypos. The benefits of sport are recognized in the prevention of many chronic diseases, cardiovascular disease, overweight and obesity, but also to improve the general well-being and reduce stress.

10 Tips to avoid the complications of diabetes diabetes

Perform a review of health annual general :

 

“Various checks are mandatory, at least once a year, to avoid the complications related to diabetes”, explains Dr. Huet. According to the head of the service of the diabetology hospital group Paris Saint-Joseph , these controls include: – an electrocardiogram to check the health of the court; – a background of the eye to check the condition of the retina ; – a balance sheet of kidney functions; – the research of nerve complications; – a dental examination; – a review of the feet. These practical exams on a regular basis to detect the slightest sign of a possible complication. A program (called “Sophia”) has been put in place by the health insurance to help the sick to create a checking routine, “in order to increase awareness, without the panic”, explains Dr. Huet. “Nurses often call the patients enrolled in this program, to see with them if they are up to date in their reviews of health and referrals in case of need,” continues the diabetologist.

 

 10 Tips to avoid the complications of diabetes diabetes

 

Stay updated in your vaccines :

“This is not a requirement, as for the rest of the population, found Dr. Dominique Huet. But be updated in its vaccines may be recommended for diabetics, in particular to prevent certain infectious diseases”. The diseases can unbalance an diabetes yet perfectly mastered, even if this imbalance is far from systematic. The flu, for example, can pose problems for people with diabetes. That is why the leader of the service of diabetology of Paris Saint-Joseph “recommended vaccination” systematically to patients he sees in consultation.
10 Tips to avoid the complications of diabetes diabetes

Watch your feet :

the feet are sometimes the obsession of the patients, who fear one of the most frequent complications of diabetes: the gangrene, and, in fine, the amputation. But a daily monitoring is not justified for all the patients. “It is recommended only to those already suffering from neuropathy, an infringement of the nerves”, explains Dominique Huet. “These patients no longer feel great thing, they do not feel the pain. Therefore it could be that they injure themselves without realizing and that these injuries cause themselves of complications.” In contrast, patients who do not show nerve damage must not focus on their feet. According to the diabetologist, “it must dramatize this complication. A surveillance during the health checks carried out to the doctor are sufficient.” Make sure you all the same that this control is well realized, because all the professionals do not practice in a systematic manner.
10 Tips to avoid the complications of diabetes diabetes

 

Stay calm :

easy to say, and yet! “The stress cannot create the diabetes, but it can disrupt”, explains Dr Dominique Huet. As the stress hormones increase blood glucose, it is an important factor to monitor in individuals with diabetes. Sleep disorders can also have a negative effect on the control of blood sugar. “We always start our consultations in requesting the patient: “How are you?” This is not a simple matter of routine but a way to ensure that he or she is not subject(e) to a stress which could pose problems in the control of his disease”, concludes the leader of the diabetology service Paris Saint-Joseph . Risk Factor often neglected of the complications of diabetes, stress should therefore not be taken lightly. Remember to tell your doctor any new source of stress (trauma, bereavement, separation, dismissal, etc. ), so that it is assured with you that this episode did not have a negative impact on your diabetes.

NO COMMENTS

LEAVE A REPLY